Suggested Vaccination Schedule for Dogs
Vaccinations by Age
4-6 Weeks Parvo
6 & 9 Weeks 5-way
12 Weeks* 5-way & Rabies
15 & 18 Weeks Parvo
5-way or 7-way & Rabies every third year
Optional Non-Core Vaccines
3 Weeks or older Bordetella + Parainfluenza
9 & 12 Weeks Lyme Disease
*Follow label directions for booster shots
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Common Canine Diseases
Of all animal diseases, rabies is probably the most feared. The rabies virus attacks the brain and is always fatal. Most pets are exposed to rabies by bites from wild animals, particularly skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. The disease can be transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected pet. Vaccination of all dogs and cats is the most effective means of control.
This highly contagious viral disease is found wherever dogs are found. It affects the respiratory and nervous system and is often fatal. Primary vaccination should begin at 6-12 weeks of age since dogs often contract the disease at an early age.
Canine Parvovirus (CPV)
This contagious viral disease usually causes severe diarrhea and vomiting in dogs of all ages but is especially deadly in puppies.
Canine Coronavirus (CCV)
Coronavirus is highly contagious and can weaken dogs by causing severe diarrhea and vomiting. The disease is sometimes confused with parvovirus. The two diseases may occur simultaneously in which case symptoms are more severe.
This viral respiratory disease is often partly responsible for "kennel cough" in dogs. Infection can be severe in young puppies. Parainfluenza protection is often included in distemper-parvo vaccines.
Canine Adenovirus Type 1 & Type 2
Canine Adenovirus Type 1 infection causes infectious hepatitis and may lead to severe kidney damage. Type 2 can be a complicating factor in kennel cough. Vaccines are available that protect against both types of adenovirus.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease carried by many wild animals. A dog can contract the disease from infected animals or by drinking contaminated water. Yearly vaccination limits your dog's chances of acquiring the disease.
Frequently involved in kennel cough complex, this bacterial infection may occur simultaneously with distemper, adenovirus type 2 infection, parainfluenza and other respiratory infections.
Canine Borreliosis (Lyme Disease)
Borreliosis, or Lyme Disease, is an infection caused by a bacteria which is spread primarily by the painless bite of an infected tick. Symptoms of Borreliosis in the dog include fever, lethargy, muscle stiffness, depression and lack of appetite. In more severe cases, lamesness occurs as a result of severe musculoskeletal or arthritic type joint pain.
Giardiasis in dogs, cats and humans is caused by a waterborne parasite called Giardia lamblia. The parasite is found in untreated water, i.e. puddles, ponds and creeks. Symptoms include severe diarrhea, weight loss, fever, dehydration and nausea.
Dog Vaccinating Tips
To administer a vaccine subcutaneously: Simply pick up the skin, insert the needle, draw back on the plunger (aspirate), and inject. If blood appears, it means the tip of the needle is in a vessel. Merely withdraw the needle and select another site. If air is drawn in freely, the tip of the needle is not under the skin; reposition needle and aspirate again.
To administer a vaccine intramuscularly: Some vaccines must be given intramuscularly (IM). The best site for this is in the muscle of the rear leg, between the hip and knee. Aspirate as with the subcutaneous injection.
Mixing two-part vaccines: Some vaccines require mixing. They come in 2 vials, one containing the liquid portion and the other containing the dried portion. To mix, first draw the liquid portion into the syringe. Inject the liquid into the dried portion and mix until dissolved. Draw the mixture back into syringe.